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In this article, an analysis of the integration of nanofluids and their applications in the field of solar energy has been discussed. Practically, several factors affect the physical properties of nanofluids. The use of nanofluids as an absorbent fluid is an effective approach to improve heat transfer in solar-powered devices. The main objective of this review is to examine and categorize all existing formulas and correlations on the physical properties and physical models of nanofluids, including thermal conductivity, viscosity, density, and specific heat, and to summarize the research carried out in recent years on the applications of nanofluids in solar energy systems. This article also identifies future research opportunities in the field of solar energy
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