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This work deals with the performance of a heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer solar cell by sputtering silicon on p-type crystalline silicon substrate in argon ambient without hydrogen addition. This first effort was an attempt to use cost-effective means to convert light into electricity and to find fabrication processes which use fewer and cheaper materials for the fabrication of solar cells. Since transport mechanisms of amorphous silicon/crystalline silicon heterojunctions are still under investigation, the aim is to examine the behavior of the fabricated samples under electrical and optical constraints. Initial cell characterization includes electrical behavior via current-voltage characteristics and optical investigation via reflectance and absorptance measurements. Results are analyzed in a tentative to follow the absorption, generation and collection processes in the fabricated cell. The heterojunction interface is found to be a limiting factor in the cell performance. Under sun illumination, the open circuit voltage was 140 mV, the short circuit current was of 6 µA and the fill factor was of 42.56 %. Dark current-voltage characteristics indicated a tunneling and/or recombination carrier transport mechanism, while aborptance/reflectance measurements showed a generation process occurring in most in the crystalline silicon-side of the amorphous/crystalline silicon heterojunction. A carrier collection limitation is a very probable origin of the decreased cell generated current.
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