Using two-dimensional graphene lenses to increase the effectiveness of solar panels

Main Article Content

Abid Boudiar
Habala Bendifallah
Faten Ziani


We aim to enhance the efficiency of solar panels by covering them with graphene lenses that collect and concentrate light rays onto the panels. The simulation was performed using the Monte Carlo method and provided precise results regarding the improvement of solar panel performance. The simulation showed a substantial increase in the intensity of electrical current at critical densities of the graphene lenses used, suggesting the need for further research to enhance the utilization of renewable energy sources, even in regions with limited sun exposure and varying weather conditions.

Article Details

How to Cite
A. . Boudiar, H. . Bendifallah, and F. . Ziani, “Using two-dimensional graphene lenses to increase the effectiveness of solar panels”, J. Ren. Energies, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 13 -, Sep. 2023.


Zheng X, Jia B, Lin H, Qiu L, Li D, Gu M. Highly efficient and ultra-broadband graphene oxide ultrathin lenses with three-dimensional subwavelength focusing. Nature communications. 2015;6(1):8433.

Yettou F, Malek A, Haddadi M, Gama A. Etude comparative de deux modèles de calcul du rayonnement solaire par ciel clair en Algérie. Journal of Renewable Energies. 2009:12(2):331-46.

Cao G, Lin H, Fraser S, Zheng X, Del Rosal B, Gan Z, Wei S, Gan X, Jia B. Resilient graphene ultrathin flat lens in aerospace, chemical, and biological harsh environments. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2019;11(22):20298-303.

Wu J, Lin H, Moss DJ, Loh KP, Jia B. Graphene oxide for photonics, electronics and optoelectronics. Nature Reviews Chemistry. 2023:1-22. [5] Yin R, Xu Z, Mei M, Chen Z, Wang K, Liu Y, Tang T, Priydarshi MK, Meng X, Zhao S, Deng B. Soft transparent graphene contact lens electrodes for conformal full-cornea recording of electroretinogram. Nature communications. 2018 ;9(1):2334.

Liu W, Hu B, Huang Z, Guan H, Li H, Wang X, Zhang Y, Yin H, Xiong X, Liu J, Wang Y. Graphene-enabled electrically controlled terahertz meta-lens. Photonics Research. 2018


Lee S, Jo I, Kang S, Jang B, Moon J, Park JB, Lee S, Rho S, Kim Y, Hong BH. Smart contact lenses with graphene coating for electromagnetic interference shielding and dehydration protection. ACS nano. 2017;11(6):5318-24.

Deng S, Yetisen AK, Jiang K, Butt H. Computational modelling of a graphene Fresnel lens on different substrates. RSC advances. 2014;4(57):30050-8. doi: 10.1039/C4RA03991B.

Ferrari I, Motta A, Zanoni R, Scaramuzzo FA, Amato F, Dalchiele EA, Marrani AG. Understanding the nature of graphene oxide functional groups by modulation of the electrochemical reduction: A combined experimental and theoretical approach. Carbon. 2023


You X, Zhang Q, Yang J, Dong S. Review on 3D-printed graphene-reinforced composites for structural applications. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2023:107420.